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    Integrated administration of the Great Wetland of the North of Ciego de Ávila is managed

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    Gestionan manejo integrado del Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila

    The execution of a project aimed at the integrated management of the Great Wetland of the North of Ciego de Ávila (GHNCA), the second largest of its kind in Cuba, after the Ciénaga de Zapata, complements the country's efforts to achieve sustainable development and adaptation to climate change.

    The Master of Science Vania Mireya Vidal Olivera, a researcher at the Bio-food Research Center (CIBA) located in Ciego de Ávila, highlighted that despite the restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, progress was made in 2021 in updating the baseline, a fundamental step to achieve the objectives.

    This action includes characterizations and analysis of the behavior of climatic and meteorological variables, the classification of soils, the quality of surface and underground waters, flora and fauna, landscape, archaeological heritage, socioeconomic activities and demography, she pointed out.

    The recovery of the results of previous investigations allows progress in this task, led by the CIBA, with the participation of various organizations that interact in areas of the GHNCA (Hydraulic Resources, Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Construction, Tourism, Geocuba and the local university), she exposed.

    In addition, the efforts of the Provincial Meteorological and Research Centers on Coastal Ecosystems, the Provincial Directorate of Physical Planning, the Company for the Protection of Flora and Fauna, and the Territorial Delegation of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment are integrated. Environment, she added.

    "The unification of the converging factors in the GHNCA foresees perfecting the environmental, economic and social order, contributing to the development of sustainable and resilient systems, based on the evaluation of the climate in the 2050 and 2100 scenarios".

    She added that it is committed to achieve an ecosystem balance through solutions based on environments and communities; and develop policies and strategic plans aimed at the conservation and rational use of natural resources.

    Vidal Olivera stressed that work is also being done to determine the potential for contaminating loads, which includes updating databases and identifying economic and social activities, carried out by national and provincial entities that affect the conservation of the wetland.

    The project will favor the production of goods and services associated with aquaculture, tourism and agriculture, and, therefore, the improvement of the quality of life of the communities located in the area, the Master of Science Yamilé Jiménez Peña, deputy director of CIBA research, underlined.

    This plan, she emphasized, responds to the Life Task and the government programs, led by Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, to integrate science into local development and the production of goods and services.

    In the GHNCA area, there is agricultural activity that can be reorganized after knowing the characteristics of the soil and its suitability for different crops, according to the conditions of the ecosystem, she exemplified.

    The gigantic ecosystem, located north of the central Cuban province and declared a Ramsar Site, covers an area of ​​226,875 hectares and covers four municipalities (Chambas, Morón, Bolivia and Primero de Enero).

    It contemplates three protected areas (Center-West Ecological Reserve of Cayo Coco and the Loma de Cunagua and El Venero fauna refuges, the latter dedicated to the conservation of populations of aquatic birds and the Cuban crane).

    It also has a breeding center for the American crocodile, with hundreds of specimens, which upon reaching adulthood are released into the natural environment for their development.

    Since 1997, on February 2, World Wetlands Day is celebrated, in remembrance of the signing of the Convention on Wetlands, in Ramsar, Iran, on that date but in 1971 when that transcended as the first agreement of its kind for the conservation and rational use of said ecosystems on the planet.