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    Popular consultation demonstrates support for the Coastal Law project

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    Project for coastal


    The increase in the perception of risk regarding natural phenomena associated with climate change favors understanding and support for the draft Decree Law on Coasts, currently subject to popular consultation in settlements located on the coasts north and south of the central region of the country.

    Teresa Dolores Cruz Sardiñas, specialist of the General Directorate of Environment of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA), highlighted that there is awareness of the need to implement actions to protect ecosystems and communities coastal in the province of Ciego de Ávila.

    She recognized that the incidence of international projects linked to integrated coastal management and confrontation with climate change has created knowledge and capacities to increase resilience in the face of the rise in mean sea level, loss of vegetation, saline intrusion and extreme hydro-meteorological events.


    Coastal issues


    In this context, a popular debate is taking place that demonstrates identification with a proposed regulation aimed at ensuring the protection of natural resources and inhabitants of the coasts, classified as vulnerable ecosystems, where economic and social activities typical of an island like Cuba take place.

    The main proposals and concerns of the citizens have been related to the regulations for fishing and the relocation of houses near the coast, the latter based on the results of studies of danger, vulnerability and risks that confirm the increase in the average sea level and the intensification of hurricanes.

    She, also Master in Environmental Law, explained the complexities in which the relocation of homes near the coastline occurs, taking into account that it implies changes in sociocultural patterns and the creation of new structures that guarantee the safety and quality of life of the population.

    Yanaima Barrisonte Rodíguez, president of the Júcaro popular council, in the municipality of Venezuela, in the south of Ciego de Ávila, declared that before the consultation with CITMA specialists they held discussions with the factors represented in the community. 

    The new bill recognizes benefits by facilitating construction on the coast to protect boats and fishing gear, as long as they comply with the environmental requirements defined in the legal body itself, she stressed. 

    She commented that concerns have also arisen related to the economic, social and environmental impact of the south causeway, in view of which measures are being adopted that will contribute to the restoration of natural conditions in the area and, consequently, the rest of the activities, as notified by the CITMA Territorial Delegation. 

    Barrisonte Rodíguez considered that the proposed regulation is adjusted to the needs and realities of coastal towns, in such a way that it can contribute to the socioeconomic and spiritual transformation of neighborhoods and communities. 

    Upon concluding in the central region of the country, the popular consultation will extend to riverside settlements in the eastern portion and is expected to conclude in the western zone before the end of the current year, according to the schedule of the General Directorate of the Environment of the CITMA. 

    The Coastal Decree Law project, conceived as a complement to the Natural Resources and Environment System Law, approved this year, has the fundamental purpose of educating and sensitizing people about the phenomena that occur in coastal areas to facilitate sustainable management. 

    To this end, it also regulates anthropic actions in these ecosystems, which supports the government's decision to carry out a popular consultation process with the social and economic factors whose management is focused on these areas, so that they contribute to the legal construction based on their needs and experiences.




    The formation of this project, initiated in 2016, was in charge of a multidisciplinary team ―made up of oceanographers, chemists, physicists, biologists, geographers, jurists and others― to which were added representatives of Central State Administration Bodies, the Organs of People's Power and the Ministry of Justice. 

    Since the year 2000, Cuba has had a decree law that regulates coastal management, in which an attempt was made to organize all economic activity and introduce the principles of integrated coastal management. 

    The current proposal has its antecedents in directive programs, macro-projects, plans and policies of the State to face climate change and improve the environmental system.